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Computer Modeling/Stiffness

Correctly modeling the SidePlate® stiffness is simple in most analysis programs with built in features.  To better understand modeling implementation refer to Figure Z1.

The computer model must reflect the following two items:

  • 100% Rigid Panel Zone
  • Connection Properties Beyond Column Flange

Dimensions, Dim A and Dim B, vary based on beam section, span, and loading.  To define the connection stiffness in the analysis model, SidePlate provides consistent tabulated values for analysis purposes to the various software programmers.

The Stiffness Modifier is calibrated empirically based on full scale testing, and varies based on SidePlate Connection type, as follows:

  • SidePlate Field-Bolted: 1
  • SidePlate SMF, IMF, OMF Field-Bolted: 3
  • SidePlate Field-Welded: 3

Link to Full Scale Testing Videos

See the following sections on program specific implementation.  If you have any questions about modeling SidePlate Connections, a SidePlate engineer is available to help.  Contact your SidePlate Engineer or e-mail solutions@sideplate.com for assistance.

 

Figure Z1 – Connection Stiffness and Strength Modeling 

 


RAM Structural Systems

Version 15.11 and Newer

Step 1: Select the SidePlate® Connection type

Step 2: Assign SidePlate Frame Beam Connection

  • Assign -> Beam -> Frame Beam Connection Types...
  • Assign SidePlate to Both Ends, Left End, or Right End of lateral frame members

  • Once the beam ends have been assigned, RAM Frame will display a red rectangle symbolizing a SidePlate moment connection as shown below.

Link to detailed SidePlate Modeling Tutorial with RAM 

Link to RAMSS version 15.09 and Older instructions 


ETABS

Step 1: Group Lateral Members

  • Select all moment frame beams
  • Assign -> Assign Objects to Group...
  • Select FRAME BEAMS group and Replace Group
  • Repeat for moment frame columns

     

Step 2: Assign Rigid Zone

  • Select Frame Beams and Frame Columns
  • Assign -> Frame -> End Length Offsets...
  • Assign a Rigid-Zone Factor of 1.0

Note: All SidePlate® full-scale steel moment frame testing has demonstrated that the panel zone contributes very little to the total overall drift.  Thus, it has been deemed by the AISC CPRP pre-qualification committee that the flexibility in the panel zone is negligible and can be considered as 100% rigid.  Thus, it would be incorrect to utilize the ETABS Panel Zone feature when modeling SidePlate.  To ensure accurate modeling select all joints and Assign -> Joint -> Panel Zone... -> Select none -> OK.

Step 3: Assign SidePlate® Moment Connection

  • Select Frame Beams
  • Assign -> Frame -> Moment Frame Beam Connection Type...
  • Select SidePlate Option
  • Select the appropriate SidePlate Connection Type from the drop down menu
    • High Seismic for SMF, IMF, or OMF applications
    • Wind/Low Seismic for R=3 applications

  • An SP will show above the frame section of a SidePlate beam in plan or elevation by turning on the Moment Connections in the Set View Options as shown below.

Note: Accurate SidePlate Connection Stiffness can also be modeled using non-prismatic sections with our available non-prismatic section generator tool.  See instructions for SAP 2000 for this modeling technique.  Contact SidePlate at solutions@sideplate.com to receive the tool.

BEFORE YOU BEGIN: It is important to ensure that a "Standard Moment Connection" is applied to all lateral beams and Panel Zones are assigned to "none" before any non-prismatic sections are applied.  To remove any RBS or SidePlate build in features do as follows:  Select all beams -> Assign -> Frame -> Moment Frame Beam Connection Type -> Select Standard Moment Connection -> OK.  To remove any Panel Zone assignments do as follows:  Select all joints and Assign -> Joint -> Panel Zone... -> Select none -> OK.  Missing this step can result in inaccurate stiffness and/or stress results.


SAP 2000

Step 1 and 2: Follow Step 1 and 2 on ETABS page

Step 3: Creating Non-Prismatic Sections to Model SidePlate®

Contact SidePlate at solutions@sideplate.com to receive the non-prismatic section generator tool.

Step 3.1

Confirm that the Moment Frame Beam Connection Type is set to Standard Moment Connections, and no Panel Zones are assigned

View -> Set Display Options

If a Panel Zone or a Moment Connection is assigned, the name of that property will show on the screen.


Step 3.2

While keeping SAP or ETABS open, launch the Non-Prismatic Section Generator Tool

  • Note 1: You can only have 1 SAP or ETABS model opened at the time you use the spreadsheet
  • Note 2: SAP or ETABS model must be unlocked

Step 3.3

Click the button "Get List of Materials"

Step 3.4

Use the drop down menu to select the steel material name and the SidePlate connection to use

Step 3.5

Use the drop down menu to select the sections you want to convert to SidePlate

Step 3.6

Once you have entered all the sections you wish to add into your model, click the button “Create new Non-Prismatic Section”

Step 3.7

Verify that the SP Non-Prismatic section were added to your SAP or ETABS Model

Define -> Section Properties -> Frame Sections

Step 3.8

Assign the Non-Prismatic Sections to your SAP or ETABS Building:

Select Moment Frame Beam(s) -> Assign -> Frame -> Section Property -> choose the section ending at “NPSP”

Note: Additional SidePlate non-prismatic sections can be added to an unlocked model at any time.


RISA 3D

Step 1: Create Rigid Link Properties

Create General Material Properties of RIGID LINK.

 

Step 2: Create Rigid Link Section

Create General Section Sets of RIGID LINK. 

Step 3: Determine Rigid Link Lengths

  • RIGID LINK length at beam end is determined by half of column depth
  • RIGID LINK length at column end is determined by beam depth + 3.5"

Step 4: Split Beam and Column Members

  • On the top menu of RISA, go to "Modify -> Split Members..."
  • Input the RIGID LINK length in % or ft, select "Actually Split PHYSICAL Members" and "Apply Entire to All Selected Members", split all beams/columns with the same length and the same RIGID LINK length at once.

Step 5: Assign Fixity of Rigid link

  • Both ends (I End and J End) of RIGID LINK shall be assigned as "Fully Fixed (No Releases)".

Step 6: Create SidePlate® Stiffened Beam Ends for (SMF, IMF, OMF) Connections

  • For SMF, IMF, OMF Connections, create the Stiffened Beam End sections (labeled with NPSP below) at each end of the moment frame beam.  Both ends of the beam is split per STEP 4 with the length "SP Length" or "Dim A". Then assign Section Properties to the split members. See Appendix for examples.
  • Both ends (I End and J End) of Stiffened Beam End Section shall be assigned as "Fully Fixed (No Releases)".

NOTE: To obtain the SidePlate Stiffened Beam End Section Properties and Dimensions, please contact SidePlate at solutions@sideplate.com. 

Appendix

Examples of Modeling SidePlate Stiffened Beam End (NPSP Sections) in Risa 3D:

Create and assign SidePlate Stiffened Beam End Properties: “Modify” on the top menu bar, click on “Shape Database...”, in “Shape Selection” window pop-up, click on “Add”.

In “Add Shape” window, create custom Shape Name, and click “OK”. Then re-open “Shape Selection” window, select the custom shape just created and click “Edit”.

In “Edit Shape” window, match the properties with “SidePlate Stiffened Beam End Properties”. For properties not included in “SidePlate Stiffened Beam End Properties”, please refer to AISC Steel Manual.

Examples:

A. W18x40:

B. W21x50:

C. W24x62:

Assign Stiffened Beam End properties to Risa model: Double click on SidePlate Stiffened Beam End member, in “Information for Member XXX” window, click on “Properties” tab, click on “Shapes List”, in “Shape Selection” window, select the proper custom shape just created, then click “OK” and “OK”.


TSD

Under Construction.


STAAD Pro

Step 1: Create General Material Properties of RIGID LINK

Under the General -> Material tab, create an Isotropic Material "RIGID"

Step 2: Create General Section of RIGID LINK in the User Provided Table

Under the "Tools" drop down list, click on "Create User Table...". Create a New Table with General Section Type, assign the section name as RIGID and the parameters shown in the picture below.

Step 3: Determine the Length of RIGID LINK

  • RIGID LINK length at beam end is determined by half of column depth
  • RIGID LINK length at column end is determined by beam depth + 3.5"

Step 4: Split Beam and Column Members

  • Select the lateral beam or column member, right click and choose "Insert Node".
  • Input the RIGID LINK and SP length in ft, select "Add New Point" and click on "OK".

NOTE: To obtain the SidePlate Stiffened Beam End Section Properties and Dimensions, please contact SidePlate at solutions@sideplate.com. 

Step 5: Assign RIGID LINK and Non-Prismatic SidePlate® Section Property

  • Under the General -> Property tab, highlight the RIGID section, select all the RIGID LINKS in the model, choose the Assignment Method "Assign To Selected Beams", and click on "Assign". Repeat the same procedure for assigning NON-PRISMATIC SIDEPLATE BEAMS.
  • Keep all the RIGID LINKS and NON-PRISMATIC SIDEPLATE BEAMS Fixed and no Release.
  • See Appendix for examples.

 

Appendix

Examples of Modeling SidePlate Non-Prismatic Beam in STAAD PRO:

Create and assign Non-Prismatic SidePlate Beam Properties: “Tools” on the top menu bar, click on “Create User Table...”, in “Create User Provided Table” window pop-up, click on “New Table”, choose WIDE FLANGE in the "Select Section Type" drop down, then click on "Add New Property".

In the “Wide Flange” window, input NPSP property values, and click “OK”.

Below is the W33X130NPSP example shown:

Assign NPSP beam properties to STAAD Pro model: Click on "User Table..." button in the "Properties" window, add the NPSP property to the "Properties - Whole Structure" table.

 

Select the NPSP member(s), then click on "Assign" button to change the member properties.